Browser Help System
How to Search
At first sight, the many ways of searching the catalogue may seem daunting. With a little practice however, it is hoped that these multiple avenues into the collection will benefit the widest possible number of research interests - not only people interested in the history of shopping and trade, but also those interested in the visual forms of communication.
Step by step guide to searching the catalogue:
1. To get a sense of the collection, click on Highlights and browse through a sample of the records (100 out of approx 700 items). To generate your own searches choose Simple Search (limited text field search - see below for how to search in this type of field) or Advanced Search.
2. In Advanced Search page review the fields available, and decide on your search criteria (for some suggestions see the sample searches below). To select more than one option within a field, press Ctrl whilst clicking on other options. Use the and /or / not fields if you would like to make combinations. However, the more complicated your search is, the less results you will get, so it would be worth starting out using only one or two fields. Looking at one record will also help you see what types of information has been recorded.
3. Keep in mind the three different types of search fields:
Drop down menus:Fields which have lists of terms from which you can select your search criteria Text fields: Where you can enter a word or words using Google style wild-card notation (see Google Search Page for full details) to enable full text searching of that particular field. This includes searching for any words in your search (quick brown fox); all words (quick +brown +fox); phrases ("quick brown fox"); excluding certain words (quick -fox) and proximity searching (several words no more than xx words apart), starting with (glas*). Date field: Always fill both the 'Start' and 'End' boxes. (If the end box is empty it assumes you are asking for everything from the Start date to today.) If you want a specific year e.g. '1622', enter this in both the Start and the End box. This will retrieve objects dated 1622 as well as objects which have been given a circa data five years either side of 1622.
If you would like to sort your records in a certain way, explore the drop down menu in the sort field at the bottom of the page.
5. When you are happy with your criteria, click Search.
6. Your results will automatically be displayed in Lightbox View mode. To change to other modes of viewing your results, explore the buttons at the upper right of the results window.
7. If you would like to explore the trade cards in more depth, please contact the collection staff at Waddesdon Manor. Information about acquiring images of the cards can be found on the introduction page.
- Question: Who sold drawing equipment?
- Search criteria: Types of Products = Artists' materials/drawing equipment
- Question: Who sold silver items?
- Search criteria: Product Material = silver
- Question: Who provided accommodation?
- Search criteria: Services = Accommodation activities (use Ctrl function to select all services under this category)
- Question: What evidence is there for women shopkeepers in Paris during the second half of the eighteenth century?
- Search criteria: Location of Premises = Paris; and Date = 1750, 1800; and Research Concepts = Women as Proprietors
- Question: Do trade cards ever show men buying things?
- Search criteria: Type of Object = Trade Cards; and Subject = Figure; and Image Type = Images of Shop Interiors; and Research Concepts = Men as Consumers
- Question: What can the trade cards tell me about the export and import of silk in France during the early modern period?
- Search criteria: Place of Production = France; and Product Material = silk; and Research Concepts = Trade (Export) and Trade (Import) (use the ctrl key to choose more than one category)
- Question: Did German speaking goldsmiths use acanthus leaf decoration?
- Search criteria: Language = German; Types of Trades = Metalworking/goldsmith; Decoration/Motif = acanthus
For more information on specific fields, see 'Field Notes'.