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The Dance

(La Danse)

Artist or maker:
Pater, Jean-Baptiste (b.1695, d.1736)
Date:
Late 1720s
dated stylistically
Place of production:
Paris, France
Medium:
oil on canvas
Type of object:
paintings
Accession number:
2377

Commentary

The spectacle of dancers' silk clothes and lively steps was a highly successful theme for Jean-Baptiste Pater. This painting was acquired by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild with Pater's 'Gift of the Fishermen' (acc. no. 2378). A pair of paintings with similar themes was once in the collection of the King of Prussia, Frederick the Great (1712-1786).

Pater trained with Antoine Watteau, an artist who had practically invented a type of painting known as the 'fête galante'. Well-dressed men and women gather in bucolic glades, enjoying entertainments as well as each others' company. The style of the seated women's dress in this painting is very close to Pater's 'A Gallant Conversation' (Wallace Collection, P458) dated to c. 1728-30. Pater had a very large output. He often repeated figures and re-used subjects. Similar dancing men and women occur many times in his work with subtle variations, including in the Wallace Collection painting called 'Watching the Dance' (P380). Pater was concerned about his finances and worked hard to produce as many paintings as he could, sometimes compromising on quality.

During his lifetime, his works were very popular with collectors including the King of Prussia but he is now less admired because of this style of working. Frederick the Great owned about 40 paintings by Pater, including a pair titled 'Fête Champetre', oil on panel, 31 x 40 cm, and 'Le Cadeau des Pêcheurs', oil on panel, 29 x 40 cm (Florence Ingersoll-Smouse; Pater: biographie et catalogue critiques; Paris; 1928, nos. 46 and 47). Frederick gave these paintings to the Academy in Berlin and they were in Doorn Castle in 1927 but were probably destroyed in World War II. The former painting differed in the background to the Waddesdon work indicating that this was not a copy of Frederick's painting. There is a copy of the Waddesdon composition in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, inv. no. 1960.6.14.

Ferdinand may have bought this painting from the dealer Charles J Wertheimer of 21 Norfolk Street, London. In a receipt of 8 July 1897 there is: '1897 June 18 a pair of pictures by Pater "Fêtes Champêtres", from the collection of Hon. Greville Vernon.' They were sold to Ferdinand for £3500 with a gouche by Pater of bathing nymphs from the collection of Captain Spencer Ricketts (see receipt acc. no. 6401_b_4). This, along with acc. no. 2378, is the only pair of paintings by Pater at Waddesdon. However, there were four paintings by Pater listed in the library of Ferdinand's London house, 143 Piccadilly, in Ferdinand's will of 1897. It is not specified whether these were pairs. They were given to his sister Hannah Mathilde von Rothschild (1832-1924). One of these paintings "A fête galante ('La bergère couronnée')" was sold Sotheby's, London, 5 July 2006, lot 62. It may have had a pair when it was in the collection of Hannah's grandson, Baron Erich von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1899-1987), as it appears in his 1931 sale next to another painting by Pater (lots 17-18).

Phillippa Plock, 2014

Physical description

Dimensions (mm):
387 x 469
365 x 460 - sight
Signature & date:
not signed or dated
Inscriptions:
No. 13 under No. 12 Octa room
Inscription
on verso

History

Provenance:
Possibly owned by Hon. Greville Richard Vernon (b.1835, d.1909); acquired by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (b.1839, d.1898) possibly from Charles J Wertheimer, 21 Norfolk Street, London, 18 June 1897, for £3500 with its pair and a gouche by Pater (receipt acc. no. 6301_b_4); inherited by his sister Alice de Rothschild (b.1847, d.1922); inherited by her great-nephew James de Rothschild (b.1878, d.1957); bequeathed to Waddesdon The Rothschild Collection (The National Trust) in 1957.
Collection:
Waddesdon (National Trust)
Bequest of James de Rothschild, 1957

Bibliography

Bibliography

Ellis Waterhouse, Anthony Blunt; Paintings: The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor; Fribourg; Office du Livre, The National Trust; 1967; p. 270, no. 126; as 'La Danse'

Indexed terms