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A Landing Party on the Maas at Dordrecht

Artist or maker:
Cuyp, Aelbert (b.1620, d.1691)
Date:
1655-1660
dated stylistically
Place of production:
Dordrecht, Holland, Netherlands
Medium:
oil on canvas
Type of object:
paintings
Accession number:
2565

Commentary

Two paintings by Aelbert Cuyp appear to show an event in the closing stages of the Eighty Years' War that culminated in the establishment of the Dutch Republic. The other canvas is now in the National Gallery of Art, Washington (1940.2.1). Each painting shows Cuyp's native town of Dordrecht from a different viewpoint.

It has been argued that the paintings could show another visit of the Stadtholder Frederick Henry and his family to the town. However the number of people in the two scenes does suggest they represent an important event in the final stages of the Eighty Years' War between the North and South Netherlands. In the summer of 1646, two years before the Treaty of Münster, 30,000 soldiers were anchored at Dordrecht. They sailed on 12 July as a last show of force against the Southern Netherlands before the negotiations for a truce.

In the Waddesdon painting, Cuyp shows the dignitaries of Dordrecht being ferried out to pay homage to the fleet's leaders. Trumpeters in the bow of the boat sound their arrival, whilst a cannon blasts from the city's ramparts in the centre of the composition. The boats in the background probably contain the Frisian and English troops that contemporaries described as being moored near the Groothoofdspoort (port building), which appears on the left.

In the 18th century, the two paintings belonged to Johan van der Linden van Slingelandt of Dordrecht. Arthur Wheelock (2001) suggests he may have been a relative of Matthijs Pompe van Slingeland, a city official who was the brother of one of Cuyp's most important patrons.

Phillippa Plock, 2011

Physical description

Dimensions (mm):
1143 x 1676
Signature & date:
not signed or dated

History

Provenance:
Owned by Johan van der Linden van Slingelandt of Dordrecht (b.1701, d.1782), before 1752; bought by Rens from the Johan van der Linden van Slingelandt sale, Dordrecht, 22 August 1785 lot 69 for 1,825 florins; bought by Pieter van Winter (b.1745, d.1807) from Rens for circa 7,300 florins a few years after the van Slingelandt sale in 1785; by descent to his daughter Lucretia van Winter (b. 1785, d. 1845); through Lucretia's marriage to Hendrik Six van Hillegom (b.1790, d.1847); by descent to the heirs of Hendrik six van Hillegom; acquired by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (b.1839, d.1898) from the Six van Hillegom Collection in 1897; inherited by his sister Alice de Rothschild (b.1847, d.1922); inherited by her great-nephew James de Rothschild (b.1878, d.1957); bequeathed to Waddesdon The Rothschild Collection (The National Trust) in 1957.
Collection:
Waddesdon (National Trust)
Bequest of James de Rothschild, 1957

Bibliography

Bibliography

Gerard Hoet; Catalogus of Naamlyst van Schildereyen; The Hague; 1752; vol. 2, p. 490
Jean-Baptiste Descamps; La Vie des peintres flamands, allemands et hollandois; Paris; [n. pub.]; 1753-1763; vol. 2, p. 80
George Agar-Ellis; Catalogue of the principal pictures in Flanders and Holland, 1822; London; W. Nicol; 1826; p. 70
John Smith; A Catalogue Raisonne of the Works of the most Eminent Dutch, Flemish and French Painters Part III Containing the Lives and Works of Anthony Van Dyck and David Teniers; London; Smith and Son; 1831; vol. 5, no. 13
Willem Bürger; Trésors d'Art exposés à Manchester en 1857; Paris; Jules Renouard et Cie; 1857; p. 266
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Sir Francis Watson, The Art Collections at Waddesdon Manor I: The Paintings, Apollo, 69, June 1959, 172-182; p. 181, fig. 14
Christopher White, Dutch and Flemish Paintings at Waddesdon Manor, Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 54, August 1959, 67-74; p. 68, fig. 1
Ellis Waterhouse, Anthony Blunt; Paintings: The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor; Fribourg; Office du Livre, The National Trust; 1967; pp. 134-135, cat. no. 55
J Q Van Regteren Altena, Review of The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor. Ellis Waterhouse, Paintings., Oud Holland, 85, 1970, 59-61; p. 60
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Margarita Russell, Aelbert Cuyp. The Maas at Dordrecht: The Great Assembly of the Dutch Armed Forces, June-July 1646., Dutch Crossing, 40, 1990, 31-82; pp. 34-35, fig. 4
Ben Broos; Great Dutch Paintings from America; Zwolle; Waanders Publishers; 1990; p. 215, fig. 2
Alan Chong; Aelbert Cuyp and the Meanings of Landscape; New York University; 1992; p. 408, cat. no. 160; as 'The gathering of the fleet at Dordrecht'
Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century: The National Gallery of Art's Systematic Catalogue; Washington, D.C.; National Gallery of Art; 1995; p. 129
Ruud Priem, The "Most Excellent Collection" of Lucretia Johanna van Winter: The Years 1809-22, with a Catalogue of the Works Purchased, Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art, 25, 1997, 103-196; p. 118, fig. 19
Ruud Priem, Catalogue of Old Master Paintings Acquired by Lucretia Johanna van Winter, 1809-22, Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art, 25, 1997, 197-230; p. 219, no. 38
Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; Aelbert Cuyp; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 7 October 2001 - 13 January 2002; National Gallery, London, 13 February - 12 May 2002; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 7 June - 1 September 2002; New York; Thames & Hudson; 2001; pp. 146-149, fig. 1; as 'Dordrecht viewed from the North'
Wouter Th. Kloek; Aelbert Cuyp: Land, Water, Light; Amsterdam, Zwolle; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Waanders Publishers; 2002; p. 30, fig. 40
Michael Hall; Waddesdon Manor: The Heritage of a Rothschild House; New York; Harry N Abrams Inc; 2002; p. 88, ill.
Ariane van Suchtelen, Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; Dutch Cityscapes of the Golden Age; Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis, The Hague, 11 October 2008 - 11 January 2009; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1 February - 3 May 2009; Zwolle, Washington, D.C., The Hague; Waanders Publishers, National Gallery of Art, Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis, The Hague; 2008; p. 104, ill.
Peter Hecht; 125 Jaar openbaar kunstbezit : met steun van de Vereniging Rembrandt; Zwolle; Waanders Publishers; 2008; pp. 12, 14, 209 n. 98, fig. 8
Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; "Aelbert Cuyp/The Maas at Dordrecht/c. 1650", Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century, NGA Online Editions, [http://purl.org/nga/collection/artobject/576 accessed December 07, 2014].; Washington, D.C.; National Gallery of Art; 2012; fig. 2.

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