A Landing Party on the Maas at Dordrecht

Artist or maker:
Cuyp, Aelbert (b.1620, d.1691)
dated stylistically
Place of production:
Dordrecht, Holland, Netherlands
oil on canvas
Type of object:
Accession number:


Two paintings by Aelbert Cuyp appear to show an event in the closing stages of the Eighty Years' War that culminated in the establishment of the Dutch Republic. The other canvas is now in the National Gallery of Art, Washington (1940.2.1). Each painting shows Cuyp's native town of Dordrecht from a different viewpoint.

It has been argued that the paintings could show another visit of the Stadtholder Frederick Henry and his family to the town. However the number of people in the two scenes does suggest they represent an important event in the final stages of the Eighty Years' War between the North and South Netherlands. In the summer of 1646, two years before the Treaty of Münster, 30,000 soldiers were anchored at Dordrecht. They sailed on 12 July as a last show of force against the Southern Netherlands before the negotiations for a truce.

In the Waddesdon painting, Cuyp shows the dignitaries of Dordrecht being ferried out to pay homage to the fleet's leaders. Trumpeters in the bow of the boat sound their arrival, whilst a cannon blasts from the city's ramparts in the centre of the composition. The boats in the background probably contain the Frisian and English troops that contemporaries described as being moored near the Groothoofdspoort (port building), which appears on the left.

In the 18th century, the two paintings belonged to Johan van der Linden van Slingelandt of Dordrecht. Arthur Wheelock (2001) suggests he may have been a relative of Matthijs Pompe van Slingeland, a city official who was the brother of one of Cuyp's most important patrons.

Phillippa Plock, 2011

Physical description

Dimensions (mm):
1143 x 1676
Signature & date:
not signed or dated


Owned by Johan van der Linden van Slingelandt of Dordrecht (b.1701, d.1782), before 1752; bought by Rens from the Johan van der Linden van Slingelandt sale, Dordrecht, 22 August 1785 lot 69 for 1,825 florins; bought by Pieter van Winter (b.1745, d.1807) from Rens for circa 7,300 florins a few years after the van Slingelandt sale in 1785; by descent to his daughter Lucretia van Winter (b. 1785, d. 1845); through Lucretia's marriage to Hendrik Six van Hillegom (b.1790, d.1847); by descent to the heirs of Hendrik six van Hillegom; acquired by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (b.1839, d.1898) from the Six van Hillegom Collection in 1897; inherited by his sister Alice de Rothschild (b.1847, d.1922); inherited by her great-nephew James de Rothschild (b.1878, d.1957); bequeathed to Waddesdon The Rothschild Collection (The National Trust) in 1957.
Waddesdon (National Trust)
Bequest of James de Rothschild, 1957



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Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; Aelbert Cuyp; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 7 October 2001 - 13 January 2002; National Gallery, London, 13 February - 12 May 2002; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 7 June - 1 September 2002; New York; Thames & Hudson; 2001; pp. 146-149, fig. 1; as 'Dordrecht viewed from the North'
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Ariane van Suchtelen, Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; Dutch Cityscapes of the Golden Age; Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis, The Hague, 11 October 2008 - 11 January 2009; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1 February - 3 May 2009; Zwolle, Washington, D.C., The Hague; Waanders Publishers, National Gallery of Art, Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis, The Hague; 2008; p. 104, ill.
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Arthur K Wheelock Jr.; "Aelbert Cuyp/The Maas at Dordrecht/c. 1650", Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century, NGA Online Editions, [http://purl.org/nga/collection/artobject/576 accessed December 07, 2014].; Washington, D.C.; National Gallery of Art; 2012; fig. 2.

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